Science Journal of Circuits, Systems and Signal Processing

Submit a Manuscript

Publishing with us to make your research visible to the widest possible audience.

Propose a Special Issue

Building a community of authors and readers to discuss the latest research and develop new ideas.

A Novel MAC Protocol for Energy Conservation in Wireless Body Area Networks

Body sensor networks are an example of wireless sensor networks. Body Sensor Network is a kind of wireless sensor network for a special purpose that uses wireless sensor nodes to measure a person's biological parameters and monitor his or her health remotely and is available in both wearable and implantable types. These systems also monitor physical activity such as environmental parameters. These systems can provide significant assistance by supplying services such as medical observations and the provision of medicinal and medical information, improving the memory of individuals and controlling home devices and communicating in emergencies. Body wireless sensor network is a wireless technology featuring small, smart devices that connect to the body and monitor it continuously, enhancing early detection of emergency situations in patients at high health risk and providing a wide range of health services, therefore of paramount importance. The most important challenges in wireless sensor networks are sensor nodes, resource constraints, reliability and quality of service, security and routing, and energy consumption constraints. In this article, we focused on energy consumption due to small sensors with limit power resource and latency for emergency data to improve network lifetime, energy consumption, network efficiency and lower latency. This research will provide a way to optimize energy consumption by examining the energy exhaustion and network performance in the MAC layer. It assumed that by improving the access to MAC in wireless body area network can have better operation power and by propound the energy parameter in data transition priority. Optimizing energy consumption and minimizing delays and increasing the latency are the goals of this study by modify the IEEE 802.15.4 superframe structure based on MAC layer protocol.

Body Network, Wireless Sensor Networks, Energy Consumption Optimization, Network Efficiency

Shima Darvishzadeh Nesheli, Ahmad Majidnia, Mehdi Golesorkhtabaramiri, Maedeh Farokhzad. (2021). A Novel MAC Protocol for Energy Conservation in Wireless Body Area Networks. Science Journal of Circuits, Systems and Signal Processing, 10(2), 53-60. https://doi.org/10.11648/j.cssp.20211002.13

Copyright © 2021 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

1. Chen, M., Gonzalez, S., Vasilakos, A., Cao, H., & Leung, V. C. (2011). Body area networks: A survey. Mobile networks and applications, 16 (2), 171-193.
2. Javaid, N., Ahmad, A., Nadeem, Q., Imran, M., & Haider, N. (2015). iM-SIMPLE: iMproved stable increased-throughput multi-hop link efficient routing protocol for Wireless Body Area Networks. Computers in Human Behavior, 51, 1003-1011.
3. Wang, G., Yu, J., Yu, D., Yu, H., & Feng, L. (2015). Ds-mac: An energy efficient demand sleep mac protocol with low latency for wireless sensor networks. Journal of Network and Computer Applications, 58, 155-164.
4. Marinkovic, S. J., Popovici, E. M., Spagnol, C., Faul, S., & Marnane, W. P. (2009). Energy-efficient low duty cycle MAC protocol for wireless body area networks. IEEE Transactions on Information Technology in Biomedicine, 13 (6), 915-925.
5. Zhang, Y., & Dolmans, G. (2011). Priority-guaranteed MAC protocol for emerging wireless body area networks. annals of telecommunications-annales des télécommunications, 66 (3-4), 229-241.
6. Omeni, O., Wong, A. C. W., Burdett, A. J., & Toumazou, C. (2008). Energy efficient medium access protocol for wireless medical body area sensor networks. IEEE Transactions on biomedical circuits and systems, 2 (4), 251-259.
7. Fang, G., & Dutkiewicz, E. (2009). BodyMAC: Energy efficient TDMA-based MAC protocol for wireless body area networks. Paper presented at the Communications and Information Technology, 2009. ISCIT 2009. 9th International Symposium on.
8. Shuai, J., Zou, W., & Zhou, Z. (2013). Priority-based adaptive timeslot allocation scheme for wireless body area network. Paper presented at the Communications and Information Technologies (ISCIT), 2013 13th International Symposium.
9. Islam, A. M., Zeb, A., & Wada, K. (2013). Communication protocols on dynamic clusterbased wireless sensor network. Paper presented at the Informatics, Electronics & Vision (ICIEV), 2013 International Conference on.
10. Felemban, E. (2013). Advanced border intrusion detection and surveillance using wireless sensor network technology. International Journal of Communications, Network and System Sciences, 6 (05), 251.
11. Mitola, J., & Maguire, G. Q. (1999). Cognitive radio: making software radios more personal. IEEE personal communications, 6 (4), 13-18.
12. Park, P., Di Marco, P., Fischione, C., & Johansson, K. H. (2013). Modeling and optimization of the IEEE 802.15. 4 protocol for reliable and timely communications. IEEE Transactions on Parallel and Distributed Systems, 24 (3), 550-564.
13. Committee, I. C. S. L. M. S. (1997). Wireless LAN medium access control (MAC) and physical layer (PHY) specifications. IEEE Standard 802.11-1997. Rasheed, M. B., Javaid, N., Imran, M., Khan, Z. A., Qasim, U., & Vasilakos, A. (2017). Delay and energy consumption analysis of priority guaranteed MAC protocol for wireless body area networks. Wireless networks, 23 (4), 1249-1266.
14. Rasheed, M. B., Javaid, N., Imran, M., Khan, Z. A., Qasim, U., & Vasilakos, A. (2017). Delay and energy consumption analysis of priority guaranteed MAC protocol for wireless body area networks. Wireless networks, 23 (4), 1249-1266.
15. Vallejos de Schatz, C. H., Medeiros, H. P., Schneider, F. K., & Abatti, P. J. (2012). Wireless medical sensor networks: Design requirements and enabling technologies. Telemedicine and e-Health, 18 (5), 394-399.
16. Ye, W., Heidemann, J., & Estrin, D. (2002). An energy-efficient MAC protocol for wireless sensor networks. Paper presented at the INFOCOM 2002. Twenty-First Annual Joint Conference of the IEEE Computer and Communications Societies. Proceedings. IEEE.